Assets are an important means of coping with adverse events in developing countries but the role of gendered ownership is not yet fully understood. This paper, by Muntaha Rakib and Julia Anna Matz, investigates changes in assets owned by the household head, his spouse, or jointly by both of them in response to shocks in rural agricultural households in Bangladesh with the help of detailed household survey panel data. Land is owned mostly by men, who are wealthier than their spouses with respect to almost all types of assets, but relative ownership varies by type of asset. Controlling for unobserved heterogeneity across households and looking at changes within, rather than between, households, we find that weather shocks such as cyclones adversely affect the asset holdings of household heads in general, while predicted external events lead to assets of both spouses being drawn down. The results, furthermore, suggest that jointly owned assets are not sold in response to shocks, either due to these assets being actively protected or due to the difficulty of agreeing on this coping strategy, and that women’s asset holdings and associated coping strategies are shaped by their lower involvement in agriculture.
On Wednesday, June 18th, a full-day dissemination workshop will be held in Dhaka to focus on recent research findings from projects relating to gender and agriculture in Bangladesh. Over the last four years, the International Food Policy Research Institute, with the support of the US Agency for International Development, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the CGIAR Research Program on Policy, Institutions, and Markets, has been conducting research on gender and agriculture in Bangladesh.
What have we learned about gender and climate change, what do we still need to learn, and how can we make use of this information?
On May 14th, a group of 60 researchers, practitioners, and policymakers from Kenya gathered for a meeting, entitled, Understanding Gender and Climate Change: Perspectives from Practitioners, Researchers, and Policymakers, to discuss these questions based on a series of research presentations from two gendered climate change adaptation projects under the CGIAR Research Programs on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM). read more...
Variation in agricultural output, due to climatic shocks, is a significant source of risk in agriculture. It’s also a significant constraint to both agricultural growth and food security. Are men and women affected differently by climate risk? If so, do policies then need to specifically address women’s needs in addition to men’s needs?
An IFPRI Discussion Paper written by Peter Davis and Snigdha Ali reports on findings from 30 focus group discussions and 30 key informant interviews conducted in 12 districts of Bangladesh in May 2012. This research showed that most respondents are aware of how climate changes are affecting their livelihoods. Participants were particularly concerned that agricultural productivity is being undermined by increased input costs, increasingly scarce irrigation water, and diminished crop yields. Many households are adapting to cope with declining groundwater levels for agriculture and domestic use, hotter weather, reduced and unpredictable rainfall at key times of the year, more intense extreme weather events such as storms, cyclones, floods, and tornados, and increased salinity of groundwater in coastal areas. Adaptation and coping varied according to location, livelihood, and the assets and endowments people have at their disposal.
Watch the video overview of the project prepared by project collaborator Regina Birner, Chair of Social and Institutional Change in Agricultural Development, University of Hohenheim. The video was prepared for an IFPRI outreach event in Brussels, "Partnering for Impact: IFPRI-European Research Collaboration for Improved Food and Nutrition Security," which took place on November 23, 2013.
From September 20 to 23, more than 100 prominent women’s rights leaders and activists from over 35 countries will gather in New York for the first ever International Women’s Earth and Climate Summit. The purpose of the summit is to build international momentum for increased attention, funding, and action on climate change and to develop a Women’s Climate Action Agenda, which will be presented to the United Nations next week. read more...
In October 2013, two back-to-back conferences will be held on climate change in Africa, the Africa Climate Conference 2013 and Third conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa. These conferences will provide a unique opportunity for scientists, policymakers and other stakeholders to strengthen the ability of African climate science to support regional climate resilience and adaptation policies and decisions. Details on these conferences are below.
Based on a qualitative study undertaken by this project, Aiveen Donnelly will present her results at the CCDA–III on “Potential for Group-Based Approaches to Enhance Security of Assets for Women to Manage Risk under Climate Change: A Participatory Rural Appraisal in Ethiopia.”
We will hold our third annual project meeting on September 16 in conjunction with the German Tropentag (Conference on Tropical and Subtropical Agricultural and Natural Resource Management), which takes place at Hohenheim University in Stuttgart-Hohenheim Sep 17-19.
Local institutions and organizations are critical for managing collective climate change adaptation efforts. To begin to assess the capacity of these institutions to effectively do so, this discussion paper, written by Catherine Ragasa and colleagues, provides some reflections and insights on the level of awareness, practices, and organizational and institutional issues being faced by countries as they adapt to climate change read more...