Working Paper: Developing a Framework for Community-Based Adaptation
A theoretical framework for adaptation to climate change has been used as the basis for this research project. The working paper “Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change: A Theoretical Framework, Overview of Key Issues and Discussion of Gender Differentiated Priorities and Participation” by Elizabeth Bryan and Julia Behrman, develops and describes this framework and then goes on to provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of community-based adaptation (CBA) efforts.
The paper defines the characteristics or principles of CBA and describes why it is an essential part of the adaptation process. Following this, it identifies the limitations of or constraints to CBA in practice, including the need to link CBA to the larger adaptation and development processes and discusses institutional arrangements for CBA. It also explores institutional barriers to successful adaptation at the community level in more detail, focusing on issues of participation in group-based approaches to adaptation and the extent to which men and women have different priorities or needs for adaptation. Finally, the paper concludes with observations on effective types of group-based approaches to CBA and recommendations on how to promote equal participation in community responses to climate change in order to ensure that both men and women increase their resilience to climate change and to maximize the effectiveness of adaptation efforts.