A new volume of policy notes summarizes the findings from the project "Enhancing Women's Assets to Manage Risk under Climate Change: Potential for Group-Based Approaches." The notes in this collection explore how to protect or strengthen women’s control over critical assets, including natural resources and social capital. These notes also examine the potential for innovative and group-based approaches to increase women’s assets and strengthen their risk-management capabilities in the context of climate change.
Plusieurs des notes d'orientation sont également disponibles en français :
INCREASING the RESILIENCE of FARMING COMMUNITIES to CLIMATE CHANGE through Shared Learning and Adaptation Decision-Making with a Focus on Gender
WHEN: Wednesday, 03 Dec 2014, 16:45–18:15
WHERE: Sipan Room, COP 20 Venue: Cuartel General del Ejército del Perú (CGEP) Av. Boulevar S/N,
San Borja Lima 41 Surco, Lima, Peru
A new IFPRI Discussion Paper by Agnes Quisumbing and Neha Kumar examines the medium-term impact of the land registration on investment behavior by households, particularly the adoption of soil conservation techniques and tree planting. It investigates whether men’s and women’s knowledge of their property rights under the land registration (as measured by answers to a list of questions regarding the provisions of the registration, covering such areas as tenure security, land transfer rights, and rights related to gender equity and inheritance) has an impact on these investments.
Assets are an important means of coping with adverse events in developing countries but the role of gendered ownership is not yet fully understood. This paper, by Muntaha Rakib and Julia Anna Matz, investigates changes in assets owned by the household head, his spouse, or jointly by both of them in response to shocks in rural agricultural households in Bangladesh with the help of detailed household survey panel data. Land is owned mostly by men, who are wealthier than their spouses with respect to almost all types of assets, but relative ownership varies by type of asset. Controlling for unobserved heterogeneity across households and looking at changes within, rather than between, households, we find that weather shocks such as cyclones adversely affect the asset holdings of household heads in general, while predicted external events lead to assets of both spouses being drawn down. The results, furthermore, suggest that jointly owned assets are not sold in response to shocks, either due to these assets being actively protected or due to the difficulty of agreeing on this coping strategy, and that women’s asset holdings and associated coping strategies are shaped by their lower involvement in agriculture.
On Wednesday, June 18th, a full-day dissemination workshop will be held in Dhaka to focus on recent research findings from projects relating to gender and agriculture in Bangladesh. Over the last four years, the International Food Policy Research Institute, with the support of the US Agency for International Development, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the CGIAR Research Program on Policy, Institutions, and Markets, has been conducting research on gender and agriculture in Bangladesh.
What have we learned about gender and climate change, what do we still need to learn, and how can we make use of this information?
On May 14th, a group of 60 researchers, practitioners, and policymakers from Kenya gathered for a meeting, entitled, Understanding Gender and Climate Change: Perspectives from Practitioners, Researchers, and Policymakers, to discuss these questions based on a series of research presentations from two gendered climate change adaptation projects under the CGIAR Research Programs on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM). read more...
Variation in agricultural output, due to climatic shocks, is a significant source of risk in agriculture. It’s also a significant constraint to both agricultural growth and food security. Are men and women affected differently by climate risk? If so, do policies then need to specifically address women’s needs in addition to men’s needs?
An IFPRI Discussion Paper written by Peter Davis and Snigdha Ali reports on findings from 30 focus group discussions and 30 key informant interviews conducted in 12 districts of Bangladesh in May 2012. This research showed that most respondents are aware of how climate changes are affecting their livelihoods. Participants were particularly concerned that agricultural productivity is being undermined by increased input costs, increasingly scarce irrigation water, and diminished crop yields. Many households are adapting to cope with declining groundwater levels for agriculture and domestic use, hotter weather, reduced and unpredictable rainfall at key times of the year, more intense extreme weather events such as storms, cyclones, floods, and tornados, and increased salinity of groundwater in coastal areas. Adaptation and coping varied according to location, livelihood, and the assets and endowments people have at their disposal.